Monday, October 24, 2016

Growing Conflict Over Voting Rights in GA

A growing conflict over voting rights and ballot access is playing out in Georgia, where Civil Rights Activists are trading accusations with Republican elected officials and where stakes have risen considerably with the State’s new status as a closely watched battleground.

Activists said earlier this month as many as 100,000 Georgia Voter Registration applications have not been processed. One of the State’s largest Counties offered only one Early-Voting site, prompting hours-long waits for many voters at the polls last week. And the State’s Top Election official has refused to extend Voter Registration deadlines in Counties hardest hit by Hurricane Matthew.

These developments have prompted harsh criticism from Voting Rights Activists. Last week, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit to extend registration for six Counties affected by the hurricane. Republican Secretary of State Brian Kemp, who oversees Elections, responded by taking to Twitter to rail against “left-wing activists,” whom he accused of trying to disrupt the upcoming Election.

Fresh polls in the Peach State show a tightening Presidential race between Democrat Hillary Clinton and Republican Donald Trump, who has complained that the Election is “rigged” against him. But Voting Rights Advocates say that Republican State and Local Election officials are undermining the fairness of the Election by passing laws and adopting procedures that deter minorities and young people, both groups that typically vote Democratic. The clashes in Georgia echo battles in recent months, some still ongoing, in states around the Country, including: North Carolina, Michigan, Wisconsin and Ohio.

“Georgia is ground zero, if you will, when it comes to voter suppression and voting discrimination that we’re seeing this election season,” Kristen Clarke, President and Executive Director of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.

During the past several months, advocates in Georgia have challenged several laws and procedures enacted by Kemp that they said would make it harder for people to register to vote and unnecessarily kicked people off the Voting Rolls. In one County, advocates say they stopped an effort by Local officials to move a Polling Precinct that served predominantly black voters from a gymnasium to the sheriff’s office.

The New Georgia Project and other Progressive groups submitted about 250,000 new Voter Registration applications by the State’s Oct. 11 deadline. But they learned last week that about half of those would-be voters had not been added to the rolls, based on data from Catalist, a Washington firm that collects and analyzes voter data for Progressive organizations.

Nse Ufot, Executive Director of New Georgia Project, said the backlog was partly the result of questionable procedures that delayed the processing of applications and also because the system was overwhelmed by the volume of new applications. She said the group has launched an effort to contact more than 100,000 applicants and help them make sure they can vote by Nov. 8th.

Early voting began in Georgia last week, overwhelming the one Early Voting Precinct in Gwinnett County, in suburban Atlanta. New outlets reported that some voters waited up to three hours to vote. But Thursday, officials said they would add more machines to the single site and open two more sites on Monday, five days earlier than originally planned.

Kemp’s spokeswoman declined to provide numbers on the number of outstanding Voter Registration applications and said it was up to the individual Counties to process the forms.

Kemp has used Twitter to criticize the ACLU, which had asked the Court to reopen Voter Registration for residents of Chatham County, which includes Savannah, and five other Counties that were hardest hit by Hurricane Matthew. On Wednesday, a Federal Judge ruled against the ACLU.

In a series of tweets, Kemp decried what he said was a “stunt by the ACLU to manipulate the system & squander state, county resources days before the election.”
“We can’t sit back and watch the radical left create chaos in our state. Stand with me and protect Georgia elections!” he wrote in another.

“The very act of Brian Kemp peddling these bizarre conspiracy theories about the ‘radical left’ creating ‘chaos’ is itself a dangerous assault on our country’s democratic traditions,” said DuBose Porter, Chairman of the State’s Democratic Party. “Just a few days ago, Kemp dismissed Donald Trump’s asserts of a ‘rigged’ election, but is now falling into the same pattern of paranoia that works to undermine confidence in the system.”

Kemp, in statements during the past year, has dismissed allegations that his office’s policies are aimed at disenfranchising voters of color. In a statement last month he touted the ability of voters to register or update their information online by using a smartphone app. “As Georgia’s chief elections official, I want to ensure every Georgian has the opportunity to register to vote and allow their voice to be heard at the polls,” he said.

Advocates describe a more frustrating experience for tens of thousands of would-be voters.

In mid-September, the Georgia State Conference of the NAACP, Asian-Americans Advancing Justice, and the Georgia Coalition for the People’s Agenda sued Kemp’s office over a policy that required information on Voter Registration applications to exactly match data in State driver’s license or Social Security records. A simple clerical error, such as a misplaced hyphen or transposed letters or numbers, could trigger a mismatch and result in an application being rejected. Voters would have 40 days to correct the discrepancies but were not told specifically what needed to be fixed.

The lawsuit noted that out of 34,874 applicants whose forms were canceled between July 2013 and July 2016, 63% were black, compared to only 13.6% who were white.

Clarke, of the Lawyers’ Committee, said the groups spent a year negotiating with Kemp’s office and thought they had an agreement to make changes to the policy. But then the Secretary of State said the changes would not affect this year’s Election.

Days before a hearing on an emergency injunction to block the practice, the State Attorney’s office sent a letter to the Court saying the matching requirement would be put on hold and applicants rejected since October 2014 would be allowed to vote in this year’s Election.

Clarke said Georgia “is unique in that a lot of the suppression we’re seeing is at the local level, with elected officials in communities that are smaller and more rural and are not under the microscope in the same way that state elections officials are,” Clarke said.

One such example took place in Macon-Bibb County in Central Georgia, where Local officials earlier this year decided to temporarily move a Polling precinct with a high percentage of black voters from a Community gymnasium that was undergoing renovations to the Sheriff’s office.

“When we complained we were told if people weren’t criminals they shouldn’t have problem voting inside of a police station,” Ufot said in a recent interview. Unable to sway officials, Ufot said Activists went door-to-door and collected enough signatures from residents to block the move. The Precinct was instead moved to a facility owned by a church.

The Peach State has been reliably red in the last five Presidential elections, Bill Clinton was the last Democrat to win the State in 1992. But Georgia could be competitive this year with Trump holding a smaller lead over Clinton than Republican Presidential candidates’ previous winning margins. The contest in Georgia is close because Trump is struggling to win over college-educated white voters. Boosting turnout among voters of color, who are more likely to vote for Democrats, could tilt the State in Clinton’s favor.

Georgia’s population, like those in other Southern states, is rapidly becoming more diverse because of an influx of immigrants and the reverse migration of African Americans from the North to the South. African Americans make up nearly 31% of the State’s voting age population, Latinos 8% and Asian Americans 4%. Those groups, along with young voters, were the base of the coalition that twice helped elect Barack Obama, and their growing numbers could signal a shift in Electoral power away from white Republicans, who flocked to the GOP in response to Civil Rights gains of the 1960s.

Ufot said she is frustrated that the New Georgia Project has had to fight so hard for the past two years against efforts by State and County officials that made it harder for people to participate in the democratic process. “We acknowledge that in some areas we’ve worked to make changes, but it’s not happening quickly enough because the applications for over 100,000 people have not been processed and the clock is ticking.”

NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker
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