Friday, February 3, 2023

NY Electoral College Bill


Thanks to Ricard Winger of Ballot Access News, for this post.

New York State Seantor James Skoufis (D-42nd District), has introduced SB 438, which would provide that if a Presidential Elector doesn't Vote for the Nomminee of their Party, that Elector is deemed to have Resigned, and is immediately Replaced.

But, the Bill doesn't specify whether the Party, is the National Convention Nomineeor or the Nomine of the State Party.

In the past, there are some instances when the Two were Not the same Person.

For example, in 1968, National Democratic Nominee was Hubert Humphrey, but the Nominee of the Alabama Democratic Party was George Wallace.










NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker


FEC Announces 2023-2024 Campaign Cycle Contribution Limits


The Federal Election Commission (FEC), announced Updated Contribution Limits that have been Indexed for Inflation, and are effective for Federal Elections in 2023 and 2024, under the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA).

The Limit on Individuals’ Contributions to Candidates, for example, was set at $2,000 per Election, it is Adjusted at the Start of each New Election cycle.

Adjustments are announced after the Department of Labor determines the Inflation Rate for the previous Election year.

During the current Two-year Election cycle, the Limit for Contributions by Individuals to Federal Candidates for: President, the U.S. Senate, and the U.S. House of Representatives, will increase to $3,300 per Election.

Campaign Finance Provisions of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, permitted National Party Committees to establish Three additional Accounts to defray certain Expenses, incurred with respect to Presidential Nominating Conventions, Election Recounts, and Contests and other Legal Proceedings, and National Party Headquarters buildngs.

The Contribution Limits applicable to these Accounts are 300% of the Limits on Contributions to National Party Committees.

The Limit for Contributions by Individuals and Non-Multi-Candidate PACs, to National Party Committees, has risen to $41,300, while the Limit for Individual and Non-Multi Candidate PAC Contributions, to each of the additional National Party Committee Accounts, has Increased to $123,900 per year.

The Limit on Combined Contributions by a National Party Committee and its Senatorial Campaign Committee, to a U.S. Senate Candidate, over the Six-year Senate Cycle has Increased to $57,800.

Crunching the numbers finds, a Person can give over $900,000 per year to Political Parties now.










NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker


NH And NY Ballot Access Bills


Thanks to Richard Winger of Ballot Access News for this post.

These Bills will improve access to the Ballot:

New Hampshire

Reps. Alvin See (R-26th District) and Michael Moffett (R-4th District), have introduced HB 363. It improves the Deadline for Independent Candidates, and the Nominess of Unqualified Parties, to file Declaration of Candidacy.

Currently the Deadline is in June, but the Bill extends that to the 3rd Monday in July. This would be especially helpful to any potential Independent or Minor Party Presidential Candidate who Declears in the late Spring or early Summer.

Ever since 1985, New Hampshire has required the Declaration for Presidential Candidates running outside the Major Parties, a Bad Policy that would have Blocked Robert LaFollette in 1924 and Theodore Roosevelt in 1912.

The Bill does Not change the August Petition Deadline for Independent and Minor Party Candidates, but it De-Couples that Deadline from the Date of the Primary. It says the Deadline is usually 13 Weeks before the General Election, which means early August.

Existing Law unfortunately ties the Deadline to the Date of the Non-Presidential Primary, so if New hampshire moves the Non-Presidential Primary from September to an earlier month, which is likely, the Petition Deadline won't be affeted if this bill passes.

New York

State Senators Robert Jackson (D-31st District) and James Sanders (D)-10th District, have introduced SB 1031. Ir restores the Pre-2020 Definintion of a Political Party, a group that polled 50,000 Votes for Governor or President.

In 2020, the Legislature had Increased the difficulty of Qualifying a Party, by changing it to 2% of the Vote for the Top of the Ballot, President or Governor, every Two years.

That 2020 change eliminated the: Green, Independence, Libertarian, and SAM, Parties, from the Ballot, effective November 2020.

If the Bill passes, these Parties would be able to get on the 2024 Ballot.










NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker


Thursday, February 2, 2023

U.S. Reunites More Kids Taken From Parents Under Trump


A Biden Administration Task Force, designed to Reunite Children separated from their Families during Trump’s Presidency, has reconnected 689 Children with their Families.

President Biden issued an Executive Order on his First day in Office, to Reunite Families that were Split-Up, under the Trump Administration’s widely condemned practice of forcibly separating Parents and Children at the U.S.-Mexico Border to Discourage Illegal Immigration.

Thursday marked the Two-year Anniversary of Biden's Task Force.

According to figures released by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), 3,881 Children were separated from their Families from 2017 to 2021. About 74% of those have been reunited with their Families: 2,176 before the Task Force was created and 689 afterward.

But that still leaves nearly 1,000 Children. Of those, 148 are in the Reunification process. The Department pledged to continue the work, until All separated Families that can be found, have the opportunity to Reunite with their Children.

Hundreds of Families have Sued the Federal Government.

Families can Register for Reunification services through a Website, and can get help with steps such as: applying for Humanitarian Parole that would allow them to come to the U.S., as well as for Behavioral Health Services to help them.

During a Deeting Thursday with Reporters, DHS Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas, discussed efforts to address “the wounds” the Separations had caused.










NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker


U.S. Increases Military Role In Philippines


The Two Countries announced an Agreement, that would allow the U.S. to gain Access to Four more Sites in the Philippines.

The plans for a Larger U.S. Military Presence in the Country, come amid fears about a possible Chinese Invasion of Taiwan.

The Deal signifies the First time in 30 years, that the U.S. will have such a Large Military presence in the Philippines.

Among the U.S.’s Five Treaty allies in Asia, the Philippines and Japan, are closest geographically to Taiwan, with the Philippines’ Northernmost Island of Itbayat, just 93 miles away.

The Philippines’ Defense Secretary, declined to name the Locations of the Four additional sites, but U.S. Officials have long eyed access to Land in the Philippines’ Northern Territory, such as the Island of Luzon, as a way to counter China in the event that it Attacks Taiwan.

Since he took Office last June, Manila's President Ferdinand Marcos Jr., has sought to revive his Country’s Relationship with the U.S., after it Deteriorated under Rodrigo Duterte. Officials have started building Contingency Plans for a possible Chinese Invasion of Taiwan.

A Spokeswoman for China’s Foreign Ministry, accused the U.S. of threatening Regional Peace and Stability with its Announcement. She said Countries in the Region should “avoid being coerced and used by the United States.”

China and the U.S. are wooing Indonesia. Its Strategic location, with about 17,000 Islands, straddling thousands of miles of vital Sea Lane, is a Defensive necessity, as both sides gear up for a possible Conflict over Taiwan.










NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker


Dems Name Trump Impeachment Officials To House Investigative Panel


House Democrats, have tapped a former Trump Impeachment Manager, to lead their Counterattack to Republicans’ Investigative Panel.

Minority Leader Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY, 8th District), announced his picks to sit on the Select Subcommittee on the “weaponization” of the Federal Government, which will be the home of several high-profile, controversial Republican Probes, including a broad dive into the FBI and Justice Department (DOJ).

Jeffries, in a Letter to his Colleagues, named Del. Stacey Plaskett (D-Virgin Islands, At-Large) as the Party’s Top Member on the Panel, putting her at the forefront of the Party’s efforts to push back on the GOP Investigations. Plaskett was part of House Democrats’ Impeachment team during the 2021 Senate Trial in the wake of the Jan. 6 Attack, when a Mob of Trump's Supporters breached the Capitol, in an effort to subvert President Biden’s Electoral College Win.

Plaskett, a former Prosecutor, made History in the Role as the First Delegate to serve as an Impeachment Manager. Fellow Impeachment Manager Rep. Jamie Raskin (D-MD, 8th District), now the Top Democrat on the Oversight Committee, was once her Law Professor at American University.

Jeffries also nominated Three Members of the Oversight Committee for the Select Panel: Reps. Stephen Lynch (D-MA, 8th District), Gerry Connolly (D-VA, 11th District), and Dan Goldman (D-NY, 10th District). Connolly and Lynch ran against Raskin for the Top Spot on that Panel but fell short. And Goldman, a Freshman, previously served as Counsel for House Democrats during Trump’s First Impeachment Trial.

Reps. Linda Sánchez (D-CA, 38th District), Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-FL, 25th District), John Garamendi (D-CA, 8th District), Colin Allred (D-TX, 32nd District) and Sylvia Garcia (D-TX, 29th District), also got Seats on the Select Subcommittee.

Technically, Speaker Kevin McCarthy (R-CA, 20th District) Appoints All Members of the Panel, meaning he’ll need to sign off on the Democratic Picks, but he said he would let Democrats name their own Members for the Subcommittee.

Jeffries, in the Letter to his Colleagues, said that the Democrats Leading their Party on the Committees would need to “stand up to extremism from the other side of the aisle.” In addition to picking Plaskett as the Top Democrat on the weaponization Subcommittee, Jeffries also picked Rep. Jim Himes (D-CT, 4th District), to be the Top Democrat on the Intelligence Committee, after McCarthy Blocked Rep. Adam Schiff (D-CA, 30th District), the longtime Lead Democrat, from serving on the Panel.

Jeffries, also tapped Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-IL, 8th District) to Head Democrats on a Select Committee on Strategic Competition between the U.S. and China, and Rep. Raul Ruiz (D-CA, 25th District) to be the Party’s Top Official on a Subcommittee on the Coronavirus Pandemic.

“It remains my goal to prioritize and value input from every corner of the Caucus so we may unleash the full potential of our team. The members of the select committees reflect the tremendous experience, background and ability of the House Democratic Caucus, and authentically represent the gorgeous mosaic of the American people,” Jeffries added.

Under a Fix passed by the House earlier Wednesday, the Select Panel Members were expected to include Reps. Jim Jordan (R-OH, 4th District) Chair and Jerry Nadler (D-NY, 12th District), Ranking Member, of the Full Judiciary Committee, as well as an additional 19 Lawmakers, with no more than Eight of whom would be Democrats. But Jeffries, in his Announcement, said that Nadler would instead serve as an Ex-Officio Member. The overall break down of the Panel is 12 Republicans to 9 Democrats.

Democrats on the Subcommittee will be tasked with finding an Offensive Lane to Counter the GOP Investigations, with Republicans on the Panel, expected to expand the scope of their Probes to include the Intelligence Community, the Department of Education, Big Tech, and other Targets.

The Minority Party largely avoided naming any Bomb Throwers to the Subcommittee, but their Members are well-steeped in Investigative Tactics and Procedural Mechanisms, Republicans may choose to deploy as they pursue their own favored Probes.

In addition to serving as an Impeachment Manager, Plaskett was also on the Ways and Means Committee in the last Congress, which was at the Center of the Fight for Trump’s Tax returns. Sánchez is also a Member of the Tax Writing Committee.

Connolly, in particular, also has a Long History of tangling with Jordan and other GOP Members of the Panel through their time on the Oversight Committee.










NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker


Electionline Weekly February-2023


Legislative Updates

Arizona: A House committee has passed a measure that would require the secretary of state to recuse themselves from running certain portions of an election, if they are also on the ballot. Republican Rachel Jones is the bill’s sponsor. “I think the optics of that of a secretary of state running their own election for governor and then certifying that election was a major concern to some of my constituents, and that is why I put forth this bill,” Jones said. But voting advocates and Democrats don’t see the same concern. They say that no other state has any such requirement, and that this bill is a solution in search of a problem. The bill was ultimately approved 7-3, with one Democrat voting to support it along with the panel’s Republican members.

House Bill 2378 would bar election officers or employees who oversee a significant portion of an election from joining a political action committee. House Majority Leader Leo Biasiucci, R-Lake Havasu City, said the bill was an attempt to ensure election officials don’t influence the outcome of the races they are in charge of. The bill was unanimously approved by all 10 committee members, with Democrats adding the caveat that the bill needed work to pass muster later.

Early ballot signature verification was also targeted. House Bill 2322 would allow observers appointed by each party to be present during signature verification and give them the ability to challenge the decisions of election workers at polling places, voting centers and other counting facilities. Signature verification on early ballots became a tenet of election conspiracies during the 2020 elections, when Republican candidates began casting doubt on the process and advising their base to vote in-person. Allegations that voting by mail, which is used by more than 80% of Arizonans choose, is fraudulent resurfaced after the November midterms, when a significant party discrepancy between mail-in and Election Day voters emerged. All three Democrats voted against the bill, and with the support of the six Republican members, it was passed out of the committee along party lines.

Out of the seven bills that the Senate Elections Committee approved this week, six passed 5-3 along party lines, and just one passed with unanimous support.

Senate Bill 1105, introduced by Sen. Frank Carroll, R-Sun City West, would require early ballots returned to a polling place on Election Day be tabulated on-site at the polling location.

Senate Bill 1135 would require those who received an early voting ballot in the mail but who wanted to turn it in on Election Day to spoil that ballot — the technical term for canceling it — and turn it in at their polling place, at which point they’d be required to show identification and then vote a regular in-person ballot instead.

Senate Bill 1095, would require early ballot envelopes to include a written warning that ballots dropped in a ballot drop box or mailed after the Friday before the election could cause delayed election results.

Senate Bill 1178, allows counties to skip signature verification on ballot envelopes for voters who vote early in-person and who have to show their IDs to obtain a ballot. Marson spoke in favor of the bill, saying it eliminated the redundancy of verifying a voter’s identity twice: Through an ID check and signature verification.

Senate Bill 1180, would prohibit organizations that work to register voters from paying workers per registration form. Bennett said the bill was requested by county officials, and that they hoped it would prevent those organizations from turning in junk forms that county workers must sift through.

Senate Bill 1068, would require that each voting location include one worker from each of the two major political parties. This is a change from the current law that if the workers are members of a political party, they must be equally divided between the two parties.

Senate Bill 1066, would require nongovernmental organizations to include the words “not from a government entity” on election-related mail that resembles official election correspondence.

Arkansas: A Republican-sponsored bill in the Arkansas Legislature would make it illegal to circulate petitions at or near polling places during elections. House Bill 1025 would amend the state law about circulating petitions to limit signature-gathering within 100 feet of the primary entrance to a polling place. The bill is co-sponsored by Rep. David Ray, R-Maumelle, and Sen. Mark Johnson, R-Little Rock. Bonnie Miller, president of the League of Women Voters of Arkansas, said the bill appears to be a remedy in search of a problem. She said there haven’t been any issues around circulating petitions as people are voting. Miller said the 100-foot limit that currently exists is for candidates, to prohibit what’s known as electioneering. She said voters circulating a petition are not the same thing.

California: Republican Assemblymember Bill Essayli’s legislation would overhaul California’s elections and strike the requirement to mail a ballot to every California registered voter while also trying to speed up the vote count. AB 13, which would make Election Day a state holiday, also seeks to end the practice of someone turning in multiple completed mail-in ballots, regardless of whether they live with the people who signed those ballots — an exercise known derisively in conservative circles as “ballot harvesting” that’s legal in California but banned in other states. An AB 13 fact sheet from Essayli’s office states that the public’s trust in government and concerns over election fraud “have been an ever-growing issue across the nation.” To speed up the vote count, AB 13 would shorten the deadline for county registrars to receive mail-in ballots from seven days to three days after Election Day. It also would do away with vote centers — replacements for the traditional network of neighborhood polling places that open before Election Day and can be used by any registered voter to cast a ballot or change their voter registration. Under AB 13, only family members or someone living in the same household would be able to return a filled-out mail-in ballot that’s not theirs. The bill also would bar counties from conducting all-mail-in elections.

Connecticut: Connecticut would explore a ranked-choice voting in congressional races and presidential primaries under a bill proposed last week by a bipartisan pair of state senators. anked-choice has recently gotten some attention in Connecticut. After being sworn in for a second term in office earlier this month, Gov. Ned Lamont suggested the system may “take some of the sting out of politics and bring some of the decency back to public service.” But a bill on the subject has already been filed by an unlikely pair state lawmakers: Sens. Cathy Osten, D-Sprague, and Tony Hwang, R-Fairfield. In an interview Wednesday, Hwang said he believed the system could encourage more voter engagement than the current methodology. “I think ranked-choice voting allows a greater opportunity for different viewpoints to be voiced during the campaign and to engage every vote as a factor even if their candidate didn’t win on the first round, it allows that individual’s vote to have far greater resonance,” he said. Osten said she agreed to co-sponsor the bipartisan bill after speaking with advocates of ranked-choice voting.

Legislation that would create a Connecticut Voting Rights Act. The bill aims to codify in Connecticut elements of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The bill has been raised during prior sessions but so far failed to gain passage. In the past, the legislation would have prevented communities from adopting additional prerequisites for voting if they impaired the franchise of members of a protected class. The bill would also have authorized the secretary of the state to pursue civil actions for violations of the law and would establish a state database to evaluate. Another provision of the bill would require municipalities to provide language assistance for those who need it in communities where non-English speakers comprise a certain threshold of the voting-aged residents. Last year, the bill cleared the GAE Committee but expired on the Senate calendar due to inaction.

Roswell, Georgia: The Roswell City Council has unanimously agreed to push forward on plans to have the city conduct its own municipal elections. At a special called meeting Jan. 30, the council drew from discussions raised at a Jan. 23 work session and Jan. 24 committee meeting to avoid skyrocketing election costs from Fulton County, which has run municipal elections for years. In 2019 and 2021, Fulton County charged cities $2.96 per registered voter to manage their elections. In December 2022, the county proposed a new fee, $11.48 per voter. The Fulton County Board of Registrations and Elections pushed back against the price hike and negotiated the county charge down to $9.38 per registered voter for this fall’s elections. Roswell is one of several North Fulton County cities pushing to split from the county-run arrangement. The Roswell City Council agreed to have city staff “work on due diligence with sister cities” on conducting municipal elections. The details of the possible intergovernmental agreement are still in the early stages, and Roswell Mayor Kurt Wilson said the council cannot answer all the questions right now.

Idaho: A new bill introduced in the Legislature would prohibit the use of student IDs as an acceptable form of identification for voting in Idaho elections, and it would remove a voter’s ability to sign an affidavit to prove their identity to vote. First-year Rep. Tina Lambert, R-Caldwell, is sponsoring the new three-page bill. Without giving any specific examples of the practice, Lambert said she is worried about students being able to commit voter fraud with their student IDs. In addition to prohibiting student IDs as an acceptable form of identification for voting, Lambert’s bill would also prohibit voters’ ability to sign a personal identification affidavit to prove their identity if they do not have or bring acceptable forms of identification to the polls.

Indiana: The House Elections and Apportionment Committee has been assigned over 25 different bills, including House Bill 1225, which has not been heard yet. Authored by Rep. Michael Aylesworth, R-Hebron, the bill pushes for “the interim study committee on elections to study all issues relating to making voting by absentee ballot by mail as secure as in-person voting.” In addition to studying the security of voting, HB 1225 includes language to make training more accessible to poll workers. If passed, poll workers could receive their training online, by video presentation, in person or with a combination of all three. Also addressing absentee voting, House Bill 1334, authored by Wesco, pushes to tighten the requirements for absentee voters. If submitting an absentee voter application, the applicant would have to include the last four digits of their Social Security number as well as either their Indiana driver’s license number, Indiana identification card number for nondrivers, or the identifying number assigned to the applicant’s voter registration record.

Authored by Senate Elections Committee Chair Jon Ford, R-Terre Haute, Senate Bill 262 would create an audit of election systems. If passed, the bill would require the secretary of state to work with a forensic company to conduct an audit of the 2023 municipal election and the 2024 general election in 10 Indiana counties selected at random. This would include elections toward the top of the ballot like the run for Indiana governor and U.S. senator.

St. Joseph County, Indiana: The St. Joseph County Board of Commissioners voted to consolidate the Board of Voter Registration. Those duties are now under the county clerk. There will be less positions, still split across party lines, meaning less taxpayer dollars. St. Joseph County was one of only three in the state that has a separate board of voter registration that is not under the county clerk. “There’s always a concern when anything changes with voter registration, or with the election board or state election laws,” Elizabeth Bennion, director of voter services and education for the League of Women Voters of the South Bend area. A resolution passed this week essentially abolished the Board of Voter Registration. The board of commissioners argued this would save over $200,000 of taxpayer dollars.

Kansas: Legislators are considering a bill that proposes eliminating a three-day grace period for advance mail ballots to be returned and counted. Republicans proposed its elimination before, with the Kansas Senate advancing a bill last year. The most recent proposal would only allow mail ballots to be counted if a county election office receives them by 7 p.m. on Election Day. Currently, ballots returned through the mail are counted if they are postmarked by Election Day and received within three days after polls close. Republican Rep. Pat Proctor, chairman of the committee, said increasing public confidence in elections through the change is a good policy decision. But some lawmakers questioned if ballots would be thrown out for no fault of the voter. Rep. Kenneth Collins, a Republican from Southeast Kansas, said one of his constituents told him she couldn’t mail her ballot until the weekend before Election Day, but she was confident it would be counted because of the grace period. Many opponents of the bill also said the change would disenfranchise specific voters. Some military voters stationed overseas may cast ballots by mail, but sometimes have the ability to vote through email.

Under House Bill 2013, if a candidate for a statewide office doesn’t receive a majority of votes in a general election, a runoff election would be held between the two candidates who garnered the most votes. The legislation would be in effect for candidates running for the positions of governor, lieutenant governor, attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer and commissioner of insurance. Runoff elections would be held the first Tuesday in December, unless postponed by court order. If passed, the legislation would take effect immediately. Rep. Les Mason, a McPherson Republican and the only person who spoke in favor of the bill during a hearing by the House Elections Committee, said HB2013 would shore up Kansans’ faith in elections. Mason, who asked for the bill to be introduced, said he wanted to open “this can of worms” because of his concerns about recent gubernatorial elections.

During a House Elections Committee hearing, House Bill 2057 was opposed by a slew of election officers and voting rights advocacy groups questioned the need for the legislation. The legislation would impose strict regulations on remote ballot boxes. County election offices with populations of less than 30,000 would be allowed to use only one remote ballot box per election. For county election offices in areas with more than 30,000 people, another box would be granted for each additional group of 30,000. The remote box would have to be under continual observation by an employee or via video, and closed when the election office is closed. The video recording would have to be situated so the faces of people dropping off the ballots into the box would be recorded, and the recording would be kept for a year, available for public record, among other stipulations. Mike Taylor, who spoke on behalf of the Kansas County Commissioners Association, which represents the elected commissioners in all 105 counties, said the organization opposed the legislation on many grounds and felt it would harm voter privacy. “We are opposing this bill because we think it’s going to disenfranchise many, many voters who depend on easy access to those drop boxes,” Taylor said. “We also think it’s going to add a lot of unneeded expense to the counties and taxpayers.”

Maryland: Maryland lawmakers are considering a bill which would require all polling locations to have a curb-side-voting option, aimed at making voting easier for those with disabilities. Anyone with a disability that is recognized under the Americans With Disabilities Act would be allowed to use this option. “Local polling places, they try to be as accessible and inclusive as possible, but things like a threshold at the entrance, or door ways that are too narrow, an access ramp that may be blocked, things of those nature make it difficult,” says Adith Thummalapalli with Salisbury Mayor’s Disability Advisory Committee. “If you think about it, it’s like installing a ramp somewhere. Someone using a wheel chair can use that but so could a mom with a stroller or an elderly person with a walker. Using that same idea if curb side voting is an option I think it would allow more people to share their voice.”

Minnesota: A bill ready for a vote in the Minnesota House would restore voting rights for thousands of Minnesotans with felony convictions currently barred from the ballot box until their sentence is complete. The state’s current policy allows people to vote after they complete time for probation, parole or supervised release. The proposal, which advanced out of the House Ways and Means Committee on Monday, would allow Minnesotans to vote when they leave prison. For supporters of the measure, the issue is simple: If Minnesotans are now longer incarcerated and live and work in communities across the state, they should be able to weigh in on the leaders elected to represent them. They also say it’s an essential part of re-entering society. Republicans on Monday questioned if reforming probation should be the focus of change, not voting rights. “As you walk out the door of prison, I’m not sure that that is exactly the time that most Minnesotans believe it is time to have those rights restored,” said Rep. Jim Nash, R-Waconia. “Being on paper for 40 years — there’s an argument to be made there. But I do believe there is a reason to not have voting rights yet restored until that probation period is met.” The bill advanced on a voice vote, with Republicans voting no. The bill now advances to the House floor, though there isn’t a vote scheduled yet.

Montana: In the Senate State Administration Committee, a pair of bills that would modify Montana elections had hearings this week. Senate Bill 190 would expand the situations where races go to recounts. Under the proposed legislation, races with a margin of .05% or less would to an automatic recount, double the current 0.25% cutoff. The losers of races with a margin between 0.5-1% would be able to request a recount if they post bonds to cover the costs, also double the current margin of 0.25-1%. Senate Bill 189, sponsored by State Sen. Theresa Manzella (R-Hamilton), would require a three-fourths supermajority of legislators in both chambers to allow federal and state special elections be conducted by absentee ballot. Regular federal, state and county elections are not allowed to be done by all absentee ballot, although an exception was made in 2020 due to the pandemic.

Nebraska: An amendment to a proposed voter ID law, one that calls for mail-in voters to see a notary, was among points that drew fire during a public hearing this week that stretched nearly six hours. LB 535 attempts to shape a voter ID law that comes in the wake of a constitutional amendment that voters passed in the November election, requiring Nebraskans to show photo ID before voting. Just before the hearing began, State Sen. Julie Slama of Dunbar presented the committee a revised bill, calling the earlier proposal a placeholder. Many who spoke expressed frustration, as they were unfamiliar with the changes, including that people seeking to mail in ballots see a notary who would sign their return ballot envelope after verifying the voter’s identity. It is now up to the Legislature to hammer out its details. The committee took no action on whether to advance the bill to debate by the full Legislature. “It’s going to go through a lot of morphing,” State Sen. Tom Brewer of Gordon, chair of the committee said.

New Hampshire: Senate Bill 157 would require the office to audit at least two AccuVote machines on Election Day during state primaries and up to eight machines during the general election. The audits would need to be conducted at specific towns and city wards across the state, selected at random, the bill states. They would be carried out in public by people appointed and trained by the secretary of state. For each machine, at least 5 percent of the ballots scanned must be examined, the bill adds. The choices on the ballots must be compared to the results recorded in the machines, and any differences must be documented.

The top Senate and House Democratic leadership proposed no-excuse absentee voting. Secretary of State David Scanlan opposed the bill (SB 220), maintaining it would require a change in the state constitution to allow any voter to receive an absentee ballot for any reason. Current law limits absentee ballots to disabled individuals or those unable to make it to the polls on Election Day because of work requirements, care for a dependent or for religious reasons. All 10 Senate Democrats signed onto this bill, as did House Democratic Leader Matt Wilhelm of Manchester.

New Mexico: A bill that would prohibit firearms at polling places during elections with exceptions for police officers cleared its first hurdle at the Legislature this week. A Senate panel voted 6-3 along party lines, with Republicans in opposition, to advance the bill from Democratic Senate Majority Leader Peter Wirth of Santa Fe. A second committee endorsement could send the bill to a full Senate vote. New Mexico already prohibits guns on school grounds, where many election polls are located. But firearms can be carried at many other polling locations, openly or with a concealed-handgun permit. Under the proposed changes, New Mexico would join at least 12 other states that prohibit guns and weapons at polling places, including neighboring Texas and Arizona. Wirth said he heard concerns from constituents in his district about firearms at polls during the 2022 election cycle, including one person who decided to stop working at the polls because people were bringing guns with them to vote.

North Dakota: House Bill 1314 would prohibit drop boxes as lawful places of deposit for absentee and mail ballots. But county auditors reminded the House Political Subdivisions Committee, how inconsistent the postal service is saying relying solely on USPS to deliver their ballots, would create more issues. Many local election officials who argued against the bill pointed out how frequently these drop boxes are used, not just for election ballots. “While intended only for ballots, we continue to receive tax payments, court documents and many other types of documents dropped off during the year. Voters have expressed their gratitude for the availability, and even use it during normal courthouse hours as its more convenient,” said Erica Johnsrud, the McKenzie County auditor and treasurer.

Oklahoma: Oklahoma lawmakers have introduced more than 90 election and voting bills ahead of the upcoming legislative session. About one-fifth of these proposals are shell bills titled “Oklahoma Elections Reform Act of 2023.” Lawmakers will be tasked with adding more substantive language before the bills are considered. Legislative committees will begin taking up bills after Feb. 6, when the session begins. Bills face a March 2 deadline to advance out committee in their chamber of origin. Republicans have introduced at least 80 election-related bills. Approximately a dozen measures propose additional requirements or restrictions, including eliminating no-excuse absentee voting and forbidding the State Election Board from joining multistate voter-list maintenance organizations. Another category of proposals seeks to exempt the state from following federal election laws in non-federal elections and mandate state officials to report any election or voting-related contact from the U.S. Department of Justice. Two bills seek to increase pay and strengthen legal protections for precinct officials. Senate Bill 290 by Warren Hamilton, R-McCurtain, would increase daily compensation for clerks and judges from $100 to $200 per day. Inspectors, who act as the lead official at their precinct, would receive $225 per day, up from $110. Senate Bill 481 by Dave Rader, R-Tulsa, would classify intimidating or threatening an election official as a felony offense.

Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania county commissioners are outlining a handful of policy goals they want state lawmakers to tackle in the next year. Commissioners are pushing for pre-canvassing rules that would let election workers process mail-in ballots before elections. They also want to make the state’s mail-in ballot application deadline earlier. Voters are allowed to hand in their application as late as one week before an in-person election is held. County workers have said that makes it virtually impossible for latecomers to receive their ballots in time to have them counted. “[We] need clear rules that enable consistent implementation [of elections] across the Commonwealth,” said Joe Kantz, who chairs Snyder County’s Board of Commissioners. “Reforms are needed to resolve ambiguities.” Despite bipartisan urging, state lawmakers have failed to agree to either of those changes since Act 77 – the state’s most recent election law update – was implemented four years ago.

State Sen. Lisa Boscola wants to make sure there are plenty of election ballot drop boxes, provide money for counties to operate them, and make it legal for family members to drop off voters’ ballots. The ideas are part of a seven-bill election reform package that Boscola, a Northampton County Democrat, says she will introduce in Harrisburg. Specifically, her proposals would: Set a minimum number of drop boxes that counties must provide, create a grant program to give counties money to operate a suitable number of drop boxes, and permit an immediate family member, member of the same household or caregiver to put a ballot in a drop box. Allow voters to fix mail-in ballot discrepancies, including problems with their signature, and provide election officials with FBI training to enhance their ability to verify signatures. Eliminate the need for a secrecy envelope for a mail ballot. Change the term “permanent” in state law when used to refer to mailing lists for absentee and mail-in ballots to “annual.”

South Dakota: Senate Majority Leader Casey Crabtree and House Majority Leader Will Mortensen said South Dakota has strong election laws already in place, but lawmakers have worked with county auditors about finding ways to improve the system. “No one in the state likes things done to them, but they are willing to make progress if you are doing things with them,” Mortensen said. “Our auditors are honest and capable folks. They know what they are doing in administering our elections.” Crabtree and Mortensen said Republicans would be introducing a series of bills regarding secure ballot tabulation machines, a post-election audit process, distance requirements and poll watchers’ rights, ban on unmonitored drop boxes, ban on ballot harvesting activities and attempts to clean up the state’s voter rolls. Crabtree said election dates are important and that’s why there is no time to wait to make changes. Senate Bill 82, regarding a set distance for poll watchers, passed the Senate State Affairs committee 8-0 and moved to the full Senate. Another bill, SB 160 would authorize a post-election audit in South Dakota. SB 160 requires a post-election audit to take place within 15 days after an election. The audit will happen in 5% of the precincts in the county by hand counting all votes cast in two statewide contests and comparing the results of the hand count to the results for those precincts at the county canvass.

The Senate State Affairs Committee has advanced a bill prohibiting ranked choice voting. Senate Bill 55 would ban ranked voting in any South Dakota election. Ranked choice voting allows voters to rank candidates in order of their preference, rather than voting for a single candidate. Republican Sen. John Wiik is the bill’s sponsor. He say the bill “protects our Republic and the process we take to elect our leaders.” Democratic Sen. Reynold Nesiba said the bill is not needed. “I have no idea why this bill is necessary, it’s banning some that’s not happening,” Nesiba said. The bill passed the Senate State Affairs Committee 7 to 1. It next heads to the full Senate.

Utah: Lawmakers are considering a bill that would require post-election audits. “HB 269 sets process in place for us to be able to go forward and audit every general election and every primary election that is associated with the general elections,” said Rep. Mike Schultz who introduced the legislation. If passed into law, the Office of the Legislative Auditor General would have to conduct an audit of elections every other year. Election officials all over the state approve of the bill, Davis County Clerk Brian McKenzie said. “We believe strongly that our elections are safe and secure,” he said. “We believe that our elections have integrity. Do we believe our elections are 100% perfect? No, of course not. We are constantly looking for ways to improve our systems or processes.” Members of the House Government Operations Standing Committee unanimously voted in favor of the election audit bill, and it will next be voted on by the state’s full House of Representatives.

Vermont: Gov. Phil Scott announced that he’s signed a new bill into law related to elections. The bill is H.42, “An act relating to temporary alternative procedures for annual municipal meetings and electronic meetings of public bodies.” He released a statement after its signing: “I’m signing this bill at the request of Vermont municipalities who value an extension to pandemic-era flexibilities. … However, I have concerns with the removal of the disclosure of per pupil costs from Vermonters when voting. Voters deserve this transparency, and I see no defensible reason why we should extend its omission from ballots.”

Wisconsin: Voters could sign up to receive a text message when their absentee ballots are received under a proposal being circulated in the Legislature. The bill, co-authored by Rep. David Steffen, R-Green Bay, would not be mandatory. Instead, voters would opt into the service as a way of solidifying confidence in the absentee voting system, Steffen said. “Unfortunately, there’s still some people who have some reservations about voting absentee,” Steffen told Wisconsin Public Radio. “And by adding this form of confirmation … I think there’s gonna be more people who will be open to the idea of voting absentee, and that’s my goal.” Currently, voters can check on the status of their absentee ballot applications and ballots by visiting the state’s MyVote Wisconsin website, which is run by the Wisconsin Elections Commission. If passed, Steffen’s plan would let voters provide their cell phone numbers to receive a text confirmation when their ballot applications or ballots are scanned by their clerk. This new program would fit into the existing MyVote system, Steffen said, while offering voters a more convenient way of checking on their absentee ballots.

Wyoming: Elections would be subject to post-election audits and early voting windows would be shortened under a bill advanced by a legislative committee. Senate File 153, titled “Election Security,” would reduce early voting to 28 days from the current 45 for domestic applicants. Overseas applicants and military would still have 45 days to vote early or with an absentee ballot. On post-election audits, state law doesn’t require them, but there’s an outstanding directive to require them by former Secretary of State Ed Buchanan. Pressure to require audits has increased in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, which former President Donald Trump and his supporters have maintained was tainted by widespread fraud. If SF 153 passes, Wyoming would still have the 12th longest early voting period in the country. Mary Lankford, a representative from the Wyoming County Clerks Association, said the average length of early voting offered by U.S. states is 23 days. It passed unanimously out of the Senate Corporations, Elections and Political Subdivisions Committee.

Legal Updates

Arizona: U.S. District Judge Michael Liburdi preliminarily declined to block members of the group Clean Elections USA from gathering within sight of ballot drop boxes following complaints that armed and masked members intimidated potential voters during the 2022 election. The Arizona Alliance for Retired Americans and Voto Latino filed a joint lawsuit against Clean Elections USA in October after Arizonans in multiple cities complained of masked, sometimes armed men in tactical gear and bulletproof vests intimidating voters by recording them and taking photos of their cars and license plates. The Arizona League of Women Voters filed a similar suit against Clean Elections USA and another group called Lions of Liberty two days later. The court consolidated the cases on Oct. 31. The Arizona Alliance for Retired Americans and Voto Latino were later dismissed from the case along with Lions of Liberty and other individual defendants, leaving only the League of Women Voters against Clean Elections USA and Jennings. Liburdi granted the league a two-week temporary restraining order on Nov. 1, telling the defendants they couldn’t be within 75 feet of a drop box or entrance to a building containing a drop box, follow individuals delivering ballots to the drop box, speak to voters within 75 feet of a drop box unless first spoken to, or openly carry firearms or wear visible body armor within 250 feet of a drop box. Liburdi also ordered Clean Elections to post to its website and Jennings’ Twitter page a statement clarifying that submitting multiple ballots at a time isn’t always illegal. Nearly three months later, Liburdi decided during a morning status conference to deny the League of Women Voters’ motion for a preliminary injunction. “I view that as an extraordinary remedy,” Liburdi told the league’s attorney Orion Danjuma. “Particularly where we have First Amendment speech rights, assembly rights.” Liburdi said he would need to ensure that Clean Elections’ presence at ballot drop boxes poses a real danger to voters before making that decision and that the league is free to file another temporary restraining order for now.

Florida: Circuit Judge Jenifer Harris is considering whether to dismiss a voter fraud case against an Orange County man, one of 20 statewide brought by Gov. Ron DeSantis’ office overseeing election crimes. Peter Washington, 59, is charged with illegally casting a ballot in the 2020 election despite being cleared to vote by officials in Tallahassee. The Office of Statewide Prosecution, which can only charge defendants accused of crimes committed in two or more judicial circuits, is pursuing the case, but attorney Roger Weeden said in court Tuesday they have no authority to do so. Prosecutor Robert Finkbeiner argued the alleged crime happened in Orange and Leon counties, but Weeden countered that Washington has no ties to Leon other than having submitted a voter application later accepted by the Florida Secretary of State in Tallahassee. Harris didn’t rule on Weeden’s motion to dismiss the case, giving him and Finkbeiner until Friday to provide supplements to their arguments before deciding.

Georgia: U.S. District Judge Steve Jones is considering whether True the Vote’s effort to challenge 364,000 voters before Georgia’s U.S. Senate runoffs in early 2021 went too far. During a hearing this week, he questioned whether sweeping challenges to the eligibility of hundreds of thousands of Georgia voters amounted to voter intimidation by Texas-based True the Vote, a conservative organization that has promoted unproven claims of election fraud. But an attorney for True the Vote responded that Georgia laws allow residents to cast doubt on individuals who might have moved away, and the group didn’t confront or discourage anyone from casting a ballot. County election officials threw out almost all the challenges, but the lawsuit alleges that mass challenges amounted to a violation of the Voting Rights Act’s protections against voter intimidation and coercion. The case was brought by several voters and Fair Fight Action, the voting rights group founded by Democrat Stacey Abrams. Jones asked whether True the Vote was responsible for using the voter challenge law in such a broad way that it affected eligible voters, in some cases forcing them to prove their residency before they could cast a ballot. “The argument being made of these challenges being reckless does cause some concern,” Jones said. “… I have a concern that if you challenge someone so close to an election, there could be an intimidating factor.”

Indiana: A new settlement agreement in a federal lawsuit in Indiana should make voting easier for voters with print disabilities. The state has agreed to acquire a new remote accessible ballot marking tool. It will allow voters to access and mark their ballots digitally with their own assistive technology. Then, they can submit it via email. “Print disabled people deserve equity in voting rights. By ensuring an accessible electronic means for voting absentee, this settlement agreement provides many of Indiana’s blind and print disabled voters an accessible means to exercise our voting rights, privately and independently,” said Dee Ann Hart, a member of the Board of Directors of the American Council of the Blind of Indiana and its Advocacy and Awareness Committee Chair. The tool will be available to voters in time for the May 2023 primary election. According to Indiana Disability Rights, the court has granted two preliminary striking down Indiana’s rule that absentee voters who could not independently mark their own ballot may vote absentee by mail only by appointment with a “traveling board” of elections officials. A legislative amendment removing that requirement is being sought.

Kansas: During oral arguments this week, Kansas Supreme Court justice raised concerns about the “chilling” effect a 2021 law could have on League of Women Voters volunteers and others who participate in voter registration drives. Part of the legislation makes it a crime to engage in conduct that would cause someone to believe you are an election worker. In response, multiple nonprofits suspended or limited efforts to educate and assist prospective voters. The League of Women Voters joined with Loud Light, Kansas Appleseed and the Topeka Independent Living Resource Council in challenging provisions of the law. A district court judge and court of appeals panel dismissed the case on the grounds that those organizations couldn’t demonstrate how the law impairs their operations. Justice Melissa Standridge said the appeals court made a mistake. Standridge sparred with Bradley Schlozman, who defended the law on behalf of the state. “This case presents a completely manufactured controversy in which for inexplicable reasons, plaintiffs are asking the court to interpret the statute in the most unreasonable manner possible in order to expose themselves to criminal liability,” Schlozman said. “The statute does not support the interpretation that they have advanced.” Schlozman’s argument was that no reasonable person would believe a volunteer at a voter registration drive was an election worker, especially if that volunteer disabused anyone of the wrong idea. But multiple justices, including Standridge, Evelyn Wilson and Caleb Stegall, pointed to the absence of language in the law that would define a “reasonable person.” They appeared sympathetic to the plaintiffs’ argument that someone will mistake a volunteer for an election worker.

New Jersey: According to the New Jersey Globe, Superior Court Judge David Bauman aggressively interrogated Deputy Attorney General Dominic Giova on the legalities of new vote counts 85 days after the election. Bauman questioned why Giova submitted a hearsay statement attributed to the vice president of Election Systems & Software (ES&S), Monmouth County’s election machine supplier, without obtaining a certification of the statement. According to Giova, the programming error that caused the election tally mishap was acknowledged by an ES&S official to the Monmouth County Board of Elections chairman. “That’s classic hearsay. And you’re offering that as a reason to believe in the court of law. If this were a trial and you offered that statement that admitted that statement into evidence, somebody would stand up and object on hearsay grounds. And that objection, hypothetically, would probably be sustained,” Bauman said. “It has to be competent and credibly competent.” Bauman chastised Giova for not citing the legal authority of county election officials to seek a recount – something that the attorney general’s office had initially declined to do, and then being overruled by their client.

Pennsylvania: The U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear a case against the Delaware County Board of Elections that originated with the 2020 election. The court announced it would not hear the case of Gregory Stenstrom and Leah Hoopes v. the Delaware County Board of Elections. “The decision by the U.S. Supreme Court to not hear the case was entirely expected,” Delaware County Solicitor William F. Martin said. “Every month, hundreds of parties file motions seeking their cases to be heard by the Supreme Court. Only a few, raising significant legal and public policy issues, are selected. There was no possibility this case was going to be heard. The county had been so confident that we formally advised the court that we would not be filing a legal response to the request.”










NYC Wins When Everyone Can Vote! Michael H. Drucker